Khuvsgul aimag borders on the North with Russian Federation. The altitude of high mountains of Burenkhaan, Khordil saridag, Erchim range, Tagna, and Soyon is up to 11,483 feet (3,500 m.) above sea level. There are beautiful passages in the mountain such as Jigleg, Jar, Toom and Uli. Tagnuur, Shiluust, Uran dush, Delgerkhan are highest mountains. Foreign tourists refer to Khuvsgul aimag as “Mongolian Switzerland”.
There are many rivers flowing through the province such as Ider, Tes, Delger, Selenge. Khuvsgul lake is one of the deepest in Asia. Other lakes include Erkhel, Achmag, Tsengel, Sangiin dalai. The province accounts for 134,276 cubic feet (3,800 cubic m) of wood per capita, which makes the province the richest in forest resources. The soil in the territory of the province is grey and there is black soil in the valleys. The annual precipitation is 12-16 inches (300-400 mm) and more. This is the most humid region in Mongolia. Khuvsgul aimag is rich in natural resources such as phosphorite, coal, nephrite, graphite, and precious stones including rock crystal, green jade and chalcedony. Asbestos, fluorspa and mica can be found in many places. The Khuvsgul area is also rich in medical herbs, such as peony, liquorice, astragalus, wild rose, saussurea involucrata, hawthorn, valerian, thyme, thermopsis. Of wildlife species, in Khuvsgul there are brown bears, foxes, wolves, squirrels, badgers, ermines, wolverines, muskrats, martens, steppe polecats, and protected species, such as deer, roe deer, elk, wild sheep, ibex, musk deer, sable, beaver and otter. Khuvsgul aimag, located in the northern part of Mongolia with its fresh and deep lake of Khuvsgul and Khoridol Saridag mountain range, isolated and deep forests and peculiar customs of many ethnic groups is the main destination of foreign tourism in Mongolia.
This is the northernmost and absolutely one of the most scenic aimags in the country. It is a land of crystal clear lakes, icy streams and tall green taiga forests. As the crown jewel it is dominated by the magnificent Khovsgol Nuur – one of the most scenic spots in Mongolia. There are also mountains with peaks near 3000m. Here also lives the Tsaatan reindeer people.
Try to imagine a 2760 sq km (1080 sq mi) alpine lake, with water so pure you can drink it. Then add dozens of 2000m (6560ft) mountains, thick pine forests and lush meadows with grazing yaks and horses, and you have a vague impression of Khuvsgul Nuur, Mongolia’s top scenic heartstopper. This is the deepest lake in Central Asia, and the world’s 14th largest source of fresh water. Situated along the border with Russia, the lake is sacred to local Mongolians, who refer to it as ‘mother’. It’s full of fish and the area is home to sheep, ibex, bear and moose, as well as over 200 species of birds. There are numerous caves around the lake, though they’re hard to find without a guide. Three separate peoples live in the area: Darkhad Mongols, Buryats and Tsaatan.
An amazing 90 rivers flow into the lake, but only a single river flows out – the Egiin Gol, which ultimately reaches Lake Baikal in Siberia. Khuvsgul Nuur freezes in winter, allowing huge trucks carrying fuel to cross from Siberia. Visitors can kayak on the lake when it unfreezes, and hike or ride on horseback (or yakback) around it.
The southern boundary of Khuvsgul Nuur is about 775km (480mi) north-west of Ulaanbaator and is reachable by occasional plane, bus or your own jeep. The best time to visit is in spring (around April and May). It’s still very cold at this time and the lake may be frozen. The summer (July and August) is warmer but more crowded. Permits are required to visit the lake. They’re available on the main road into Khuvsgul Nuur National Park, a few km before the southern entrance at the town of Khatgal.
It is impossible to imagine Mongolia without the uniquely magnificent and pristine land of Khuvsgul or lake Khuvsgul. Lake Khuvsgul covers an area of 2760sq.km and exists at 1605 m above sea level. Khuvsgul is the deepest lake in Central Asia, with a maximum depth of 262metres. It’s water is crystal clear and fresh.
In the province you will find cave paintings and deer monuments dating back to the Stone and Bronze ages. There are 2m-3m high deer stones; 3m-4m high tombs; the ruins of Munkh Khaan’s palace and monuments to Kul Bilge Khaan in Uushgi Uvur, Burentogtokh soum; stone figures; the Arig River and its monument in the homeland of Alungoo, the highest grandmother in Chinggis’s family; ruins of the capital of Khubilai Khaan in Tsagaan-Uur and Chandmani soums; a dirt wall of Erchim castle and a wall of Chingunjav; the legendary cave of Dayan Deerkh of ancient shamanism; 100 beautiful deer stones, the Sukhbaatar ship on Khuvsgul Lake; the Khoridol Saridag natural reserve; the reindeer people of Tuva; and the stupa of the famous Gelenkhuu.